How to Install and Configure a GPS Tracker (2): Introduction
By Taber Barkovic 2020-01-21 1628 1
What is a GPS Tracker?
A GPS tracker or tracker is a device that allows its location in real-time through telephone networks. It consists of chip and GPS antenna so that the device is at all times where you are using the GPS satellite network, and a GSM module, to be able to communicate with the user via SMS or GPRS.
What do I need to use my GPS Tracker?
The only basic requirement to use a tracker is to have a SIM card. Depending on what use we want to give to the locator (follow-up in specific cases, 24-hour follow-up, anti-theft, etc.), and how we are going to use it (SMS or GPRS) we have to look at which company and rate is more advantageous to us, but anyone serves.
Which operator is better? Contract or prepaid?
Here it depends largely on the use that will be given to the locator. I am always a contract supporter (a common mistake when trying to configure a tracker is to try it with a prepaid card with no balance!), But in cases where the tracker is only going to be used at specific times, it may be interesting to have a prepaid card.
Personally, for all my locators I currently use Pepephone contract SIMs; I work exclusively with GPRS, paying a fee of 0.50E + VAT per Mb. The traffic generated will depend on the activity and configuration of the locator, usually between 2Mb and 6Mb per month (from 1E + VAT to 3E + VAT per month). In a tracker with a lot of activity, for example constantly sending data every 60 seconds or less, it may be worthwhile to hire a flat data rate (following the example of Pepephone, monthly 6.90E + VAT up to 501Mb of data; this would be in cases ends of locators that generate a lot of GPRS traffic).
What are the differences between using a tracker via SMS or through GPRS?
When using a tracker via SMS we can request the position of the tracker at a specific time, and it will respond to us via SMS. With that SMS we will know where the locator is at a specific time, but we will not be able to know where it has been; We will not have any tracker location history.
By using it through GPRS, we can configure the locator to send data (coordinates, speed, battery, etc.) in an automated way to a host that is responsible for collecting and storing that information. With this system we can keep a history of where you have been in the locator at all times, being able to check that data later (where the locator was at a specific day and time), make reports, configure advanced alerts (notice if the locator leaves a specified area, or if it moves outside authorized hours), and in general, we will have many more functions than if we use it with SMS.
To use the locator by GPRS it is necessary to have a server or software that is responsible for collecting and analyzing the data. There are simple, designed primarily for end-users (web platforms such as GPS-Trace or software such as Trackeitor ), and more sophisticated, designed to mount fleet tracking platforms.
What autonomy does a GPS tracker have?
According to use and model. The battery consumption of a locator depends mainly on the method we use to send data; The more we make the tracker work, the more battery costs.
A tracker will spend the minimum battery if we use it in SMS mode, and only check its coordinates at specific times, and it will spend more battery if we have it sending data constantly. The more often we send data, the more consumption it will have.
I need more autonomy! It's possible?
Clear. External batteries can be used, and if it is a vehicle, connect the tracker directly to its power. The right question to ask yourself would be "what autonomy do I need?" The more autonomy we want, the greater the battery capacity (and at the same time the weight and size of the equipment).
How many locator models are there in the market?
There are many different models and many manufacturers. The model with which this guide has been made is the TK102b, and the steps followed are valid for all Xexun manufacturer locators.
Depending on what we are going to use the locator, one model or another may be more convenient. The TK102 is the multipurpose locator. The TK103 is for vehicles (external GSM and GPS antenna, external alert button, dual SIM, external relay). The TK201 is intended primarily for pets (TK201b is waterproof). The TK202 for older people (bracelet), and the XT107 for the person (two-way audio, quick call button).
The instructions given here will also be valid with minimal changes with third-party locators (the configuration commands may be slightly different).
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