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Home > New Gear > Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: what’s the difference and which one is better?
Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: what’s the difference and which one is better?

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: what’s the difference and which one is better?

By  Sophia Windsor 2019-10-24 4660 0

After the Exynos 980, Samsung has just announced a new flagship processor - Samsung Exynos 990, which is designed to compete with Kirin 990, Apple A13 Bionic and Snapdragon 855+. Compared to the previous generation, the new Exynos 990 brings some significant upgrades like a new GPU, Exynos 5123 5G Modem with the support of dual NSA/SA 5G network modes, 8K/fps video recording and 120Hz screen refresh rate, etc. How does the Exynos 990 differ from its predecessors Exynos 980 and Exynos 9825, and which one offers the best performance. Let’s show you a detailed comparison.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: specs


 

Samsung Exynos 990

Samsung Exynos 980

Samsung Exynos 9825

CPU

2x Exynos M5 @ ? GHz +

2x Cortex A76 @ ? GHz +

4x Cortex A55 @ ? GHz

2 x ARM Cortex-A77 cores (2.2 GHz) +

6 x ARM Cortex-A55 cores (1.8 GHz)

2x Custom Cores @ 2.73GHz + 2xCortex-A75  @2.31GHz + 4xCortex-A55 @1.95GHz

GPU

Mali G77 MP11

Mali-G76 MP5

Mali -G76 MP12

RAM

LPDDR5

LPDDR4x

LPDDR4x

Storage

UFS 3.0, UFS 2.1

UFS 2.1, eMMC 5.1

UFS 3.0, UFS 2.1

Display

WQUXGA (3840x2400),

4K UHD (4096x2160)

WQHD+ (3360x1440)

WQUXGA (3840x2400),

4K UHD (4096x2160)

120Hz refresh rate support

Yes

No

No

Process

7nm EUV

8nm FinFET

7nm EUV

Camera support

Single-camera: 108MP

Dual-camera:  24.8MP+24.8MP

Single-camera: 108MP;

Dual-camera: 20MP+20MP

Rear: 22MP;

Front: 22MP;

Dual-camera: 16MP+16MP

LTE Modem

DL: Cat.24 8CA (3Gbps)

UL: Cat.22 2CA (422 Mbps)

DL: Cat.16 5CA (1 Gbps)

UL : Cat.18 2CA (200 Mbps)

DL: Cat.20 8CA (2 Gbps)

UL : Cat.20 3CA (316 Mbps)

5G modem

Separate Exynos 5123 5G Modem

Integrated 5G NR Sub-6 GHz–2.55 Gbps DL / 1.28 Gbps UL

Separate Exynos 5100 5G Modem

Video

8K 30fps or 4K UHD 120fps

encoding and decoding with

10-bit HEVC(H.265), H.264, VP9

4K UHD 120fps encoding and decoding with HEVC(H.265), H.264, VP9

8K 30fps or 4K UHD 120fps

encoding and decoding with

10-bit HEVC(H.265), H.264, VP9

GeekBench Scores

Unknown

Unknown

Single-Core: 4533

Multi-Core: 10611

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: CPU and GPU performance

All the three processors are made up of eight cores, but they adopt different clusters and process technology.

The Exynos 990 is based on 7nm EUV technology and it comes with tri-clusters. There are 2 Exynos M5 cores + 2 Cortex A76 cores + 4 Cortex A55 cores. Presently, Samsung hasn’t published the clock speed of the cores. The Samsung official quote that the custom cores Exynos M5 is 20% faster compared to its predecessor.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: CPU and GPU performance

The Samsung Exynos 980 is based on 8nm FinFET technology and adopts dual-clusters consisting of 2 ARM Cortex-A77 cores with the clock speed of 2.2 GHz and 6 ARM Cortex-A55 cores with the clock speed of 1.8 GHz.

On the other hand, the Samsung Exynos 9825 is based on 7nm EUV and adopts tri-clusters, which consists of 2 Custom Cores with the clock speed of 2.73GHz, 2 Cortex-A75 cores with the clock speed of 2.31GHz and 4 Cortex-A55 cores with the clock speed of 1.95GHz.

According to their CPU specs, we can see that Samsung upgrade the Cortex-A75 in the Exynos 9825 to the new Cortex A76, which will significantly improve the performance of the device. In addition, we continue to see the Cortex A55 cores. Although Samsung hasn’t disclosed the clock speed of each CPU core, it says that the overall performance of the new tri-cluster on Exynos 990 is improved by 13%.

Samsung Exynos 990 processor

In terms of GPU, the graphics card of the Exynos 990 is Mali G77, which is more advanced than the Mali-G76 on the Exynos 980 and Exynos 9825.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: 5G capability and download speed

As expected, all the three processors come with 5G network support. However, they adopt different solutions. The Samsung Exynos 990 is equipped with separate Exynos 5123 5G Modem, whis is an upgraded version of Exynos 5100 5G Modem. The modem supports fast download speed of up to 7.35Gbps in mmWave and 5.1Gbps in sub-6GHz setting with up to 8x carrier aggregation. The modem supports both NSA/SA 5G network modes, and it also supports 3G and 4G network.

The Samsung Exynos 990 is equipped with separate Exynos 5123 5G Modem

Like the Exynos 990, the Exynos 9825 also adopts separate 5G Modem, while its the older version Exynos 5100.

Different from the Exynos 990 and Exynos 9825, the Exynos 980 is equipped with an integrated 5G modem. Compared to the separate 5G modem solution, the integrated 5G modem in the chip will perform better in phone’s power efficiency.

When comparing their LTE download speed, the DL of the Exynos 990 can provide up to 3Gbps and UL of 422 Mbps, which is much faster than that of both Exynos 980 and Exynos 9825.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: camera

In terms of camera, both Exynos 990 and Exynos 980 supports 108MP single camera, while the Exynos 9825 supports 22MP single camera. For dual-camera, the Exynos 990 supports 24.8MP+24.8MP dual-camera, the Exynos 980 supports 20MP+20MP dual-camera, and the Exynos 9825 supports 16MP+16MP dual camera.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: camera

According to the camera specs, both the Exynos 990 and Exynos 980 can be used on high-pixel camera phones. When it comes to the overall camera performance, the new Exynos 990 is better than Exynos 980 and Exynos 9825.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: video

When comparing their video specs, we can see that both Exynos 990 and Exynos 9825 supports 8K 30fps or 4K UHD 120fps video recording, while the Exynos 980 only supports 4K UHD 120fps video recording. So both Exynos 990 and Exynos 9825 will enable phones to record videos at 8K resolution at 30fps, which is the most advanced feature so far.

both Exynos 990 and Exynos 9825 supports 8K 30fps video recording

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: Display

The Samsung Exynos 990 features the highest 120Hz screen refresh rate, which will significantly reduce the screen tearing and will bring you smoother experience when playing games, watching videos and even fast scroll down the page. Presently, only a few of smartphones support 120Hz screen refresh rate, one of them is ASUS ROG Phone 2, which is a very excellent gaming phone.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: Display

In terms of screen resolution, the Samsung Exynos 990 supports 3840x2400 pixels WQUXGA display and 4096x2160 pixels 4K UHD display., which is the same as Exynos 9825, while the maximum screen resolutions of the Exynos 980 are lower, which only supports up to 3360x1440 pixels WQHD+ display.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: AI performance

Another advantage of the Exynos 990 is that it gets a dual-core NPU for better on-device AI tasks such as facial recognition and scene detection. There’s also an improved DSP aboard that can perform ten-trillion operations per second. So, the new Samsung Exynos 990 offers enhanced AI performance than its predecessors.

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: storage

The Exynos 990 can support memory bandwidth with LPDDR5 data rates, which offers faster speed and lower power consumption than the LPDDR4x on Exynos 980 and Exynos 9825.

In addition, both the Exynos 990 and Exynos 9825 support the latest UFS 3.0 flash storage, which has a much higher data transmission speed than UFS 2.1 and eMMC 5.1. With the UFS 3.0, you will enjoy a faster speed when loading applications or games or copy large files to storage.

UFS 3.0 has a much higher data transmission speed than UFS 2.1 and eMMC 5.1

Samsung Exynos 990 vs Exynos 980 vs Exynos 9825: GeekBench Scores and which chip is better?


Presently, we only know the GeekBench Scores of Samsung Exynos 9825, which scores 4533 points in single-core and 10611 points in Multi-Core. As the Exynos 990 and Exynos 980 are newly released processors, so their benchmark scores on the GeekBench test haven’t been published.

However, according to their specs that the 3 processors have offered, we can see that the just released Samsung Exynos 990 offers some significant improvements in most of specs including the 8-core CPU, LPDDR5, UFS 3.0, 8K/30fps video recording, 120Hz screen refresh rate and enhanced AI performance, etc.

So it is no doubt that the Samsung Exynos 990 is the best in overall performance. Then it’s followed by Exynos 9825, and the Exynos 980 is in the last ranking. However, the Exynos 980 offers the best 5G solution, as it adopt the integrated 5G modem, while another two processor come with a separate 5G modem.

According to Samsung official information, the Exynos 990 chip will go into mass production by the end of this year. And it is expected that the Galaxy S11, coming in 2020, will become the first smartphone to adopt the processor.


 You may also want to read:
 Kirin 990 5G vs Apple A13 Bionic vs Snapdragon 855 Plus: which chip is the most powerful?
 What is UFS 3.0 storage tech and what does it mean for Xiaomi Black Shark 2 Pro gaming phone?
 Samsung Exynos 9611 vs Exynos 9610: What upgrades does the new mid-range processor offer?

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